Plaza de España y Monumento a las Cortes
The Plaza de España is one of the most iconic and well known places of the city of Cadiz. In the center, surrounded by gardens is located the Monument to the Courts.
Built in the early 20h century, it commemorates the Constitution of 1812 and was designed by sculptor Aniceto Marinas and architect Modesto Lopez Otero. It has a hemicycle shape looking towards the pier. Its structure is formed: in the lower level by the Chamber and an empty presidential chair. Several inscriptions mark the top of this Chamber. In each arm equestrian statues of peace and war appear in bronze. In the center a pilaster rises to finish in allegorical figures holding the constitutional text. At the foot of this pilaster appear a matron, representing Spain, on both side’s sculptures of agriculture and citizenship, behind Hercules, and the names of the most leading members.