Types of surf waves you can find in Cadiz Province

Types of surf waves you can find in Cadiz Province | Fuente: Texts: Carmen García Martín-Arroyo. Foto: Destino Cádiz

The magical movement of the sea when it approaches the shore while sliding your board in the water causes unique sensations to anyone who practices surfing. Knowing their behavior and the types of waves that exist is essential to improve your technique, choose where place in Cadiz province you want to practice and do it in a fun and safe way.

Each type of wave has its own characteristics that can be adapted in a better or worse way to your favorite technique or style of surfing. The wind is also a factor that directly influences because depending on the direction and speed will generate a wave type or another.

Next we will show a classification divided according to direction, according to the sea bottom and according to its form so that you can enjoy surfing in Cadiz Province..


  • Right waves: waves that seen from the position of the surfer, break from left to right and on the contrary from the point of view of the bather who is on the shore observing how they surf.
  • Left waves: waves that seen from the position of the surfer break from right to left and on the contrary from the point of view of the bather who is on the shore observing how they surf.
  • Mixed or peak waves: they break at the same time to the right and to the left so it is possible to be surfed by two people at once in each direction.


  • Shore waves: they are waves that, as the name suggests, break on the shore and hence their danger due to the risk of hitting the bottom.
  • Hollow waves: waves that come to form a cylindrical shape. This form allows you to navigate through the wave with more speed. They are waves of variable size.
  • Spilled waves: waves with less power and strength are characteristics of beaches with sandy bottoms.
  • Soft waves: almost entirely foam and do not break so that they are not surfable as they do not break hollows and do not leave space for the surfer.
  • Wavy waves: they are waves that do not break by its crest (upper part) but go ahead to its base.


  • Beach Break: Waves that break on sandy bottoms. This is the type of most beaches in Cadiz province such as Cortadura beach in Cádiz capital, Chiclana or Conil.
  • Point Break: the wave breaks on a rocky bottom, sand strip or some formation, whether natural or artificial. They are ideal for longboarders (long boards). Beaches with these characteristics in Cadiz province are El Palmar beach and the beach of Los Alemanes.
  • Reef Break: they are bottoms for more expert people because when suffering a fall or roll of a wave can damage ourselves with the rocky and coral bottoms of this type of beaches. La Calita in El Puerto de Santa María is characteristic of rocky bottoms.

We hope this entry would be useful for you, and it only remains that you take your board and you dare to ride the waves of Cadiz province. We will wait for you!

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